Foam can come in solid or liquid form but the basic idea remains the same – it traps pockets of gas within its substance. Solid foams can be separated into closed and open-cell foams. In the former, the individual pockets are completely separate, making them unable to soak up liquids. Open-cell foams, on the other hand, such as sponges, can absorb and retain liquids.
Foam, both liquid and solid, has its uses in applications of all kinds and it is important for individuals and businesses alike to establish that, where possible, the foam used is fire-retardant. Foam used in sofas, chairs and beds, for example, poses an extreme fire risk if it is not fire-retardant and domestic furniture in the UK is subject to strict regulations to ensure that is thoroughly tested according to the specifications in the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988, considered the world’s toughest flammability standards for polyurethane foam. If the foam does not meet these requirements, it can cause extreme fire damage – once the flames get through the covering to the foam base, the fire can spread extremely quickly and ignite almost everything combustible within the room at the same time.
As the UK’s leading foam producer, we know that fire-retardant foam needs to meet FMVSS302, UL94 HF1 and Class O standards for a number of different applications besides furniture and bedding.
Building and Construction
Foam has a variety of uses in building and construction, including as wall insulation. Obviously, a building which is surrounded by foam contained within its walls needs to use fire-retardant foam. In fact, insulating a building’s walls with foam blocks will actually make the building more fire-resistant, as well as protecting against other extreme weather such as violent winds or earthquakes. We are a foam producer and supplier of Class O polyurethane and melamine foams which can be cut to fit your exact requirements. Basotect melamine products are a particularly popular choice for ceiling tiles and wall panels, being lightweight and extremely resistant to fire.
Another advantage of using foam in wall and ceiling insulation is its soundproofing capabilities. Foam absorbs shock, including sound waves, meaning that certain high performance acoustic foams can completely soundproof a room as well as being non-flammable.
Another area where fire-retardant foam is essential is in the automotive industry. Vehicles of all kinds pose huge fire risks because of the fuel and ignition they have on board, and so fire-retardant foam seats and padding are vital. Most vehicles now also offer sound insulation, which again is provided through fire-retardant foam.
As well as UL94 and Class O foams, we also offer carbon impregnated and foil faced foams, ideal for use where filters, absorption and insulation are required. As with all of our foam products, everything we supply to you can be cut and shaped to order, meaning you get a quality, tailor-made service which exactly meets your needs. Just give us a call to discuss your requirements and take advantage of our fantastic prices.